In this procedure a tiny sample of the lining of the womb is taken with the help of a tiny plastic tube - of a size of a ballpoint pen refill. This procedure is done under local anaesthesia in indicated cases.
It is commonly done in women with abnormal bleeding problems. Majority of women tolerate this in the outpatient settings.
The Consultant Gynaecologist with the help of a Hysteroscope will examine the inside of the women's uterus and cervix. During this he might use the hysteroscope to take a tissue sample (biopsy)
This process would include:
With the help of the hysteroscopic procedure, the consultant through surgery removes any polyps in the uterus. Polyps are non-cancerous cells overgrown in the inner wall or lining of the uterus.
The process includes:
- Local anaesthetic
During the Colposcopy diagnostic procedure, the consultant uses a colposcope to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix as well as the vagina and vulva.
Colposcopy detects pre-malignant and malignant lesions in these areas and helps distinguish the two.
- With/without Smear
- With/without Biopsy
- Blood Test (HPV typing)
A cone biopsy of the cervix is a removal of a cone-shaped wedge of tissue the cervix used for diagnostic purposes.
It’s also used to treat and remove any abnormal tissue that is high in the cervical canal. A small amount of normal tissue around the cone-shaped wedge of abnormal tissue is also removed so that a margin free of abnormal cells is left in the cervix.
- Treatment of precancerous cells
Vulvoscopy is an examination of the vulva which comprises of the clitoris and two pairs of skin folds (labia) forming the external visible part of the female genitalia.
If the patient notices:
- Changes of colour to this area
a biopsy is conducted in order to remove cells from the vulva to send for further testing.
It consists of:
- With / without Biopsy